You're going to LOVE rag quilting!
Here are instructions to make the type of primitive rag quilts that I sell on this website. I encourage you to try making your own if you enjoy sewing. Of course I am hoping that you will buy your homespun fabric or your precut quilt squares here! But if not, please be sure that you use 100% cotton HOMESPUN fabric. Other cottons just do not fray as well.
Before you read the instructions below, take a look at the pictures of a rag square assembly on the homespun projects page.
See a chart below for the approximate number of fabric squares you would need to make various size quilts. The FINISHED size of each square will be about 1.5 inches less than the starting size due to seam allowance and shrinkage. Please remember that this style of quilting will require more fabric than just a quilt top because this style includes the top AND the liner.
Please feel free to link to this page. Credit to Jubilee Homespun Fabric would be appreciated.
Rag Quilt Instructions:
- Cut your fabrics into enough squares to make whatever size quilt you desire. Finished size of each square will be about 1.5 inches less than the beginning size.
- Cut an equal amount of batting squares 2 inches smaller than the fabric squares.
- Center one batting square inside two fabric squares and secure with pins. Machine stitch, using a small tight stitch, across all three layers from corner to corner to form an X. Start and stop your stitching about 1/2" from the raw edges. Do this on all your squares.
- Sometimes a walking presser foot can be helpful whent stitching your X but if you don't have one of these, just pin tightly and lift the presser foot from time to time as needed to keep the layers from sliding.
- Begin stitching the layered squares together in rows, making a 5/8 inch seam. Be sure that the batting is encased INSIDE the squares and does not extend into the seam allowance.
- Then stitch the rows together, matching up the seams on each row.
- When the squares are all pieced together, stitch around the outer edges of the quilt or throw about 5/8" from the edges. Clip all the seam allowances about 1/2 inch deep and about 1/2 inch apart, including the outside edge. Be VERY CAREFUL not to clip into the stitching! This is a good TV night project.
- Wash in a washing machine on cold and gentle to work loose the strings. A liquid fabric softener will help. Before drying, take it outside and shake well. Many of the strings will shake loose at that point. Stop once during the dry cycle to remove lint from the lint trap. Shake quilt again after it's dry. Some people prefer to do this washing and drying at a public laundry facility.
- A few strings will continue to work loose over time, but the stitching will stabilize the seams. A rolling lint brush will help pick up any remaining loose strings.
A light weight throw or tablecloth can be made the same way, just leave out the batting and the center X stitch. This same method can be used to make just about anything! Always use homespun fabric to get the best "fray". Printed cottons do not fray well at all.
Chart for Calculation of Required Quilt Squares
Required number of quilt squares (includes both front AND back) for various size quilts:
Quilt Type and
Approx Finished Size
(size will vary slightly))
|Approx Number of 4" Squares Required
||Approx Number of 6"
|Approx Number of 10"
|Small Size||30" x 54"||528
||12 sq. x 22 sq.||168
||7 sq. x 12 sq.||not recommended|
|Twin||69" x 90"||2016
||28 sq. x 36 sq.||600
||15 sq. x 20 sq.||176
(approx. 15 yds)
|8 sq. x 11 sq.
|Full||84" x 90"||2448
||34 sq. x 36 sq.||760
||19 sq. x 20 sq.
(approx. 19 yds)
|10 sq. x 11 sq.
|Queen||90" x 95"||2736
||36 sq. x 38 sq.||840
||20 sq. x 21 sq.
(approx. 20 yds)
|11 sq. x 11 sq.
|108" x 108"||not recommended
||24 sq. x 24 sq.
|13 sq. x 13 sq.
1 yard = 90 four inch quilt squares
1 yard = 36 six inch quilt squares
1 yard = 12 ten inch quilt squares
2 yards = 28 ten inch quilt squares
The FINISHED size of each square will be about 1.5 inches less than the starting size due to seam allowance and shrinkage. Please remember that this style of quilting will require more fabric than just a quilt top because this style includes the top AND the liner. You will also be making much larger seams than in traditional quilting and thus using more total fabric yardage.